How to treat non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Most of the time, doctors use several different alternatives when it comes to treat a non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Chemotherapy, Radiotherapy, Immunotherapy (based on monoclonal antibodies, immune control inhibitors and T cells with CAR), with new technologies and medicines that are being tested. In some cases, the patient and the doctor may consider surgery or mother cells transplants (which are very aggressive processes, only used in severe cases). Patients usually have to receive different treatments at the same time, depending on the type of non-Hodgkin Lymphoma they may have.
Chemotherapy for non-Hodgkin Lymphoma:
Chemotherapy (also known as chemo) is the first and most common treatment for patients with non-Hodgkin Lymphoma and cancer overall. It consists in the use of anti-cancer medicines, usually orally or injected into the veins. It is used to limit the spread and growth of cancer cells in the human body. It is important to consider that even though chemo is mostly used in all cases of lymphoma, it will depend on the stage and type of case. It can be used as the only treatment, or it can be used in conjunction with another kind of treatment or medicines.
Radiotherapy for non-Hodgkin Lymphoma:
Radiotherapy or radiation therapy is the use of high-energy rays to kill cancer cells. It can be used as the main treatment for the non-Hodgkin Lymphoma when the patient is in the first stage or the early days of the disease. When the patient has more developed cancer, it is more likely to be used in combination with other treatments, such as chemo.
Immunotherapy, or targeted therapy, is a process that targets cancer-specific genes or cells, or tissue conditions that contribute to the growth and survival of cancer. This type of treatment is used to stop the spread of cancer cells in the lymphatic system, and at the same time, it helps to limit damage to healthy cells.
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